The Second World War was not just the largest military conflict in the history of mankind. It was a clash of peoples, a clash of ideologies, but most importantly, it was a clash of economies: capitalist and socialist. The mistaken belief that the German military-industrial complex not only surpassed the Soviet one in all respects, but was generally the best in the world, was firmly entrenched among the people. Was this really the case? Perhaps there was at least one area where Germany lagged behind the USSR?
Germany lagged behind the USSR in the most important direction: the supply of fresh meat to the front. A joke, of course. But in the context of deep-rooted myths about Soviet production, it suggests itself. Since we are talking about "meat" anyway, it is worth recalling that throughout the war the number of troops from the USSR and Germany was always more or less the same, except in cases of large-scale offensive operations. At the same time, one should not forget that during the German offensive of 1941, the numerical superiority was on the side of the Germans. At the front, they had almost 1.5 times more forces. The losses of the USSR and Germany among the military are also quite comparable, even in the conditions of the tragedy of 1941 (further, the losses of the USSR were steadily decreasing, and the losses of Germany were growing).
But back to our military-industrial complex. The German economy, including the military-industrial complex of Germany, was, in principle, worse than the Soviet ones. And the point here is not in the quality or high-tech products, but in their quantity and speed of production. This primarily applies to ammunition. By 1941, the Germans had accumulated a good stock of ammunition for all types of weapons, as a result of which, in the summer and autumn of the first year of the war, they had the opportunity to literally "throw iron on Soviet soldiers." However, the Soviet industry deployed in evacuation after 1941 was able to give its troops much more ammunition than the German industry could give to the Wehrmacht. As a result, already by Stalingrad, the scales in matters of providing the front with cartridges and shells tipped towards the USSR.
Interesting fact: the main type of offensive weapon is not tanks or aircraft, but heavy artillery. Without artillery provided with shells, no offensive is possible. By the beginning of 1944, the Soviet artillerymen could afford to conduct not just many hours, but sometimes daily shelling of German positions, literally mixing the lines of fortifications with algae.
Mass production concerns not only ammunition, but also vehicles. The Soviet Union produced more wagons and trains that carried ammunition, equipment, medicines and people to the front. After the evacuation, the Soviet industry produced more tanks and aircraft, heavy machine guns and mortars, and was also able to repair damaged pieces of equipment and equipment much more quickly. Separately, it should be noted that Germany was seriously losing to the USSR in the production of small arms and diesel engines.
Speaking about World War II, many people very often forget that the feat was accomplished not only at the front, but also in the rear. And without a solid rear, no victory would have been possible. Suffice it to recall that the absolute majority of German generals who survived Nuremberg called the main reason for their defeat - the powerful economy of the Soviet Union, which, with a more or less comparable quality, was able to produce more products per circle.
If you want to know even more interesting things, then you should read about tank T-34Zh: why a vehicle with a unique composition of armor did not go into production.