The most successful countries are those that are able to balance the interaction of three important factors: energy security, fairness and rationality. The first is determined by the effective use of any available resources, the second - by the fair distribution of these resources among people, and the third - by their rational use, so that future generations will be enough. We offer an overview of countries that managed to combine all three factors, actively using alternative sources.
Belgium has a powerful energy system that operates mainly on natural resources. The main sources of electricity are wind and sun. Their sunny "flowers" are known all over the world. This miracle was invented by Alexander Dang, a French artist and engineer who used solar energy in his kinetic art.
In France, they tried to combine various types of renewable energy sources, although nuclear and hydro account for 80%. There are practically no oil reserves in the country, so it was necessary to actively develop nuclear energy. France is now the largest European nuclear energy producer.
It all started once with the Finns' desire to solve the problem of environmental pollution, i.e. reduce the amount of CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. Since then, Finland has achieved a lot, turning the geothermal source of electricity into the main one.
Although Austria is dependent on electricity imports, it does its best to reduce this dependence. The stake is on solar energy.
Canada uses several sources of electricity. Hydroelectric power plants generate 59%, 22% comes from hydrothermal sources and 13% comes from nuclear power plants.
There is no coal in Denmark, so the stake is on oil. Its reserves in Denmark are 123 million tons. Gas and thermal energy are in second and third place.
4. United Kingdom
Oil reserves in the UK are 400 million tons, but the country is actively using alternative sources of electricity. 70% are hydrothermal, 18% are nuclear power plants.
Norway is one of the richest countries in the world, with virtually zero poverty rates. In addition to vast unpopulated areas, it has the surrounding seas, and even icebergs in Norway have been used. The main source of electricity is water.
The country has carefully thought out energy-saving technologies, including trams and metro. Hydroelectric power plants are the main source, followed by nuclear power plants.
The Swiss government has managed to bring the country to the first place in the rational use of energy. There is no oil, gas and coal in the country, so hydro (53% of generated energy) and nuclear (42%) power plants became the main sources.
And nowhere for mankind to get away from the need to save natural resources, so scientists constantly suggest original innovative methods of their preservation.