“All professions are important, all professions are needed” - this is how we were taught when we were in the Soviet Union. However, time passes and the countries of developed socialism have not been for 30 years already. People's morals have changed, in places, in just one generation, people's outlook on life has changed diametrically. And along with it, the perception of certain specialties has changed. Many of those who enjoyed great prestige in the Soviet Union are now considered almost obscene.
Someone will say that a kind of cult of blue-collar occupations was formed in the USSR. Especially in the Soviet Union before World War II. It would be more correct to say that a cult of labor was forming in the USSR. And yet, many really difficult and important professions were extolled in every possible way by state propaganda. The clearest example is a miner. They supported the workaholic not only with words, but also with rubles. As well as numerous benefits, awards, state awards.
2. Television master
In the 20th century, a TV was in almost every home, just like smartphones and computers today. And therefore, television masters were extremely popular people. Of course, the work of the television master was not so drenched with pathos on the part of propaganda and not so much favored by state support, but the TV masters were in great authority among the people. In any village, a radio technician who can fix a TV is one of the most respected people!
Today, when there is an iron and glass metropolis around you, it is difficult to understand the Soviet people of the 30-50s of the XX century, who every day saw with their own eyes how from nothing thanks to the work of hundreds of thousands of builders, cities, villages and factories grow from nothing. It was not easy to be a builder in the USSR, but it was honorable. And most importantly, this honor has always been converted into a guaranteed, stable and solid salary. People were not afraid to work with their hands, and therefore willingly agreed to go to the construction sites of socialism. Moreover, there it was possible to earn much faster for a car (or even several) and even for an apartment out of turn.
In Soviet times, being a driver means working in one of the most "masculine" professions! If before World War II the United States became a great automobile power, then the USSR at the same time became a great power of trucks. This is not surprising, since the rapidly growing economy required an efficient logistics system and an incredible number of drivers. And most importantly, the driver is always a bit of a mechanic. And this is the only reason why a person is useful and respected.
Not only a teacher, any teacher in the land of the Soviets was a respected person. First of all, this was facilitated by an atheistic ideology fully concentrated on a materialistic vision of the world. It was considered fashionable to be well-read. Even on collective farms, men subscribed to scientific journals. Teachers in the Soviet Union did not earn mountains of gold, but they received benefits and bonuses. And what is no less important: they were highly respected by the population.
Soviet healthcare may not have been the best on the planet, but it was the most massive and affordable. Along with the cult of scholarship in the Land of the Soviets, a cult of a healthy lifestyle was also forged. Like teachers, doctors were highly respected by the people, had a stable and not the worst income, which guaranteed that the health care system would not experience the shortage of personnel that exists in all countries of the former socialist camp today. After all, it is from the shortage of hands created by the terrible working conditions that all the problems in medicine, from which the population suffers today, follow.
When in Russia the militia was renamed the police, only the lazy did not mock. In fact, a genuine metamorphosis happened long before the renaming, during the years of perestroika, when the degradation of social and state institutions accelerated significantly. Including the degradation of the repressive body dealing with state "certified" violence. In the Soviet Union, the policeman was a respected person, because he primarily guarded public order.
And although there was corruption in the authorities in the Soviet Union, the flourishing of the market economy clearly did not benefit the security forces in terms of the concepts of honor and honesty.
If you want to know even more interesting things, you should read about one device from the USSR, or How to maketo prevent food from burning.