Architecture is a delicate matter. In order to build a banal blocky 12-storey building, you need to run through many instances, get a bunch of certificates and permits. And then how many problems will arise with the implementation of the desired project! Search for specialists, builders, possible location, coordination of all this with the local leadership … Of course, the face of any city is precisely the architectural structures of various scale and scope. However, not all ideas and developments are implemented in real life. Below you can see various architectural projects that (fortunately or unfortunately) were not implemented.
Palace of the Soviets. B. Iofan, V. Gelfreikh, J. Belopolsky, V. Pelevin. Sculptor S. Merkulov. One of the options for an approved project. 1946
History does not know such concepts: "/>
It's scary to even imagine how much space such a development would take! We could safely say goodbye to our present idea of the architecture of Red Square. However, a similar idea emerged. And it arose in 1922, when the First Congress of Soviets met. Despite the fact that the building was never completed, the work on its project served as a powerful impetus for the development of Russian architecture, a new style was born, called "Stalinist classicism". The title of the best building of all times and peoples was prophesied to the Palace of Soviets, it was supposed to decorate Moscow, uniting all high-rise buildings into a single complex.
However, morals are changing. What was once considered monstrous is now considered quite ubiquitous, and vice versa. After all, the French also resisted the erection of a real "monster" - the Eiffel Tower in their small romantic capital. Now the tower is considered a real national treasure. Probably got used to it.
Arch of heroes. Monument to the heroic defenders of Moscow. L. Pavlov. 1942
Since October 1942, in the midst of the Great Patriotic War, the Literatura and Art newspaper reported: “The competition for monuments to the heroes of the Great Patriotic War is coming to an end. About 90 works were received from Moscow sculptors and architects. Information was received about the expulsion of projects from Leningrad, Kuibyshev, Sverdlovsk, Tashkent and other cities of the USSR. Over 140 projects are expected to arrive”. In order to familiarize the public with the materials of the competition, in the winter and spring of 1943, three exhibitions were organized in Moscow, at which the presented projects were exhibited. The conditions of the competition, among other topics, provided for the creation of a monument to the Heroic Defenders of Moscow. The choice of the site for the monument was at the discretion of the contestants. The author of the "Arch of Heroes" architect L. Pavlov proposed to place his monument on Red Square. The monument was not built.
Who knows, perhaps we have lost a great monument.
House of Aeroflot. D. Chechulin. 1934
In 1934, the whole world followed the dramatic fate of the crew of the Chelyuskin icebreaker, which was drifting on an ice floe after the ship was wrecked in the Chukchi Sea. In the summer of the same year, Moscow met the courageous Chelyuskinites and the pilots who rescued them, who were the first to be awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. The new traditions of socialist life demanded the perpetuation of the glorious feat of the Soviet people in monumental forms. The Aeroflot building, which was planned to be erected on the square near the Belorussky railway station, was conceived by the architect D. Chechulin as a monument to the heroic Soviet aviation. Hence the sharp silhouette solution, the "aerodynamic" form of the high-rise building and the sculptural figures of the heroes-pilots: A. Lyapidevsky, S. Levanevsky, V. Molokov, N. Kamanin, I. Slepnev, I. Vodopyanov, I. Doronin, - crowning seven openwork arches, turned perpendicular to the main facade and constituting a kind of its portal. The sculptor I. Shadr, who sculpted the figures of the pilots, took part in the work on the project. The project in its original form and purpose was not implemented. Almost half a century later, the general ideas of the project were embodied in the complex of the House of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR on Krasnopresnenskaya embankment (now the House of Government).
Having learned about such a project, one can understand how much Moscow residents do not know about their city.
"Pyramid of Mega-City".
According to various sources, the height of the pyramid should be approximately from 700 to 2004 meters (by the way, another name for the project is TRY 2004). Although, according to the Discovery Channel, it's really the first number. But it doesn't really matter. One way or another, the Mega-City Pyramid will be several times higher than the Great Pyramid of Giza.
The spacious square kilometers of the pyramid can accommodate residential areas, offices, cultural centers and all other infrastructure typical of an ordinary city. Only in terms of the density of the "packing of the people" will this pyramid surpass an ordinary city - due to its significant upward expansion.
Why the Japanese are trying to surpass the Egyptian builders is not clear. However, the project still remains unfulfilled.
The hexagonal city of Paolo Soleri.
The construction was planned in the city of Scottsdale (USA). Estimated height of the house-city: 2100 meters.
Bionic Tower II - this is the name of an equally ambitious project, developed this time by the Chinese.
At the base of the tower there is "/>
The skyscraper is assembled from eight sections, 12 meters high. Each section has three floors. From top to bottom, in a spiral, a vertical garden descends, through which an emergency evacuation staircase runs (high-speed elevators are also provided, do not be alarmed).
The 11th floor has the largest square, and the zero under its dome should shelter shops, gyms, cinemas and so on. Somewhere below there is also a parking lot for 208 cars.
The architect believes that one complex should be at a distance of about 180 meters from another, which did not prevent him from joining the "circles" of eight towers on the principle of the Olympic rings on one of the sketches.
Judging by the plan developed by the designers of the building, the colossal scale of construction exceeds all imaginable and unthinkable expectations. Despite the death of American "/>
Project: X-ceed 4000.
The X-Seed 4000 is the tallest building ever conceived.
Its height should be 4,000 meters above sea level. Thanks to the 600-meter foundation, the structure can be positioned directly above the sea. The X-Seed 4000 is supposed to accommodate between 700,000 and 1,000,000 residents.
The project is being developed for the capital of Japan by the construction company Tasai Corporation as a building of the future, where ultra-modern life and interaction with nature will be combined. Unlike conventional skyscrapers, the X-Seed 4000 will protect its occupants from pressure drops and changing weather conditions throughout the entire height of the building. Its design provides for the use of solar energy to power the entire climate control system in the building.
The lifts are designed for 200 passengers and take you to the top floor in 30 minutes. In addition to thousands of apartments and offices, X-Seed 4000 will have entertainment centers, parks and forests.
It is estimated that the cost of building the X-Seed 4000 will be 300-900 billion.
The construction of the project is planned for 8 years. I wonder if the calculations are correct?
Sky City 1000 project
The structure would represent 14 storey microdistricts, each of which houses multi-storey residential, office and retail buildings, sports and entertainment complexes, recreational areas with ponds and green spaces, as well as local transport hubs and many other infrastructure of an ordinary modern city.
More than 35 thousand people could live in the skyscraper-city "Sky City 1000", more than 100 thousand people could work;
The diameter of the tower's base is 400 meters.
Is science fiction becoming reality?
The Great Pyramid Project
The pyramid is conceived as a huge tomb with several million places. The project of the German non-profit organization Freunde der Großen Pyramide suggests that the burial process will also mean the process of building a pyramid, until the addition of more and more tomb blocks in a few decades completes the monumental image of the tetrahedral pyramid.
A literal parody of the legendary Egyptian monuments in the German version looks very ridiculous and unacceptable for modern society. The project was not implemented.
Thus, looking at all these developments, we can conclude that mankind from year to year, creating one project after another, striking the mind with its inclinations to gigantism, strives to be closer to the sky, away from the earth, trying to arrange huge territories inside striking sizes buildings. The reasons for such desires of mankind can be different: either it is a cult of personality, or the desire for perfection, and perhaps the comprehension of new heights and desire "/>