In 1974, 30-year-old Hungarian Erno Rubik, a teacher at the Academy of Applied Arts and Crafts, created what would later be called the Rubik's Cube and will glorify it for centuries. Much time was spent on a technical solution that provides an optimal mechanism for turning the cube facet, which resulted in a characteristic, branded creak. Numbers and drawings were also tried on the edges, but Rubik stopped his choice on colors.
A standard cube 3 * 3 * 3 with a side width of 5.4 cm, 2 * 2 * 2 for children, 4 * 4 * 4 (Rubik's revenge) and 5 * 5 * 5 (professor's cube) are also produced. Constructions larger than 3 * 3 * 3 are unreliable and often disintegrate. Recently, a Greek developed and patented reliable Rubik's cube mechanisms with sizes ranging from 5 * 5 * 5 and larger. Its cubes can be collected for speed, as well as 3 * 3 * 3. There are successful copies of 6 * 6 * 6 and 7 * 7 * 7.
English inventor Andrew Fentem, using modern technology, has created a Rubik's Cube without moving edges A Rubik's Cube without moving edges. Touch-sensitive surfaces and special sensors respond to device rotation. Instead of colorful squares, 216 LED screens are used, which can be controlled by changing the position of the cube in space or simply by touching it.
Another interesting modification of the classic puzzle is the magnetic Rubik's cube, assembled from dice. You can assemble such a model yourself using 108 magnets, 27 dice, a couple of clamps, a drill and a screwdriver.
For only $ 20 in faraway Japan, you can purchase a Rubik's Cube codenamed "/>
Another original Rubik's cube was designed by Zhiliang Chen. Each side of this cube is made of different materials: metal, wood, cloth, rubber, plastic, and stone. A very unusual toy. And you can also collect such a cube by touch.
And here is the Rubik's cube for the lazy. Even I could collect this, because all its sides are the same color.
Rubik's cube in art
Funny guys from Space Invaiders founded their own art movement called Rubikubism. The new teaching is based on the concept that everything in the world consists of Rubik's cubes, therefore all works created in the Rubikubism style are naturally created from Rubik's cubes.
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The popularity of the Rubik's Cube has no boundaries, no wonder it has become a source of inspiration for artists and designers. Glance not Illuminate Cube - desktop speakers with light and music, made in the form of a huge Rubik's cube. They not only reproduce sound, but also illuminate it, because in the arsenal of Illuminate Cube there are 27 color shades and countless combinations of them.
Guess what it is? It's not easy to guess, because this is an MP3-player stylized as a Rubik's cube. To activate such a player, you just need to rotate one of the faces.
This funny USB hub not only reminds Rubik's cube fans of their favorite puzzle, but also brings tangible benefits due to the convenience of work, because its each USB socket rotates 180 degrees.
Some facts about the Rubik's Cube
- In 1975, in socialist Hungary, Rubik patented his puzzle. Later, the creator of the Rubik's Cube became the first official socialist millionaire.
- 1980 is the beginning of the real spread of the cube around the world. The American company 'Ideal Toy Corporation' gives the cube its correct name and orders 1 million cubes. Over the years, about 100 million cubes and even more fakes have been produced. About 60 books have been published. According to various estimates, every 8-10 inhabitants of the Earth turned a Rubik's cube in their hands.
- Throughout its history, the cube has repeatedly received various awards, for example, it received the Hungarian national prize as the best invention, was recognized as the best toy in the USA, Great Britain, France and Germany. In 1981, the cube was included in the exposition of the Museum of Modern Art in New York (New York Museum of Modern Art). In England, a ceremony was held to present the cube to Prince Charles and Lady Diana, in whose honor a special edition was issued.
- In 1982, the Rubik's cube was included in the prestigious Oxford Dictionary.
- In 2007, about 9 million rubles were sold in the world.
- 1982 was marked by the first speed cube world championship. It took place in the homeland of the inventor in Budapest. The record was 22, 85 s. Recently, 20-year-old Leyan Lo took 11.13 seconds to complete the puzzle.