Falkirk wheel - why the mysterious mechanism was built in the heart of Scotland

Falkirk wheel - why the mysterious mechanism was built in the heart of Scotland
Falkirk wheel - why the mysterious mechanism was built in the heart of Scotland
Anonim
What kind of mysterious construction is this
What kind of mysterious construction is this

Since the dawn of their history, people have used ships and barges to move on water. And sometimes the ship needs to be moved between channels of different heights. For this, such a generally not tricky mechanism as a ship lift is used. A very interesting version of this design appeared at the end of the last century in Great Britain.

This is a boat lift between the canals
This is a boat lift between the canals

So let's be clear again. A ship lift is an engineering structure that allows you to raise and lower ships from the height of one channel to the height of another. In the last century, in most cases, a ship lift consisted of two tanks that work without any lifting machine on the principle of counterweights. To ensure the operation of such a complex, several people are enough. This is exactly what the famous Falkirk wheel, built in Scotland, is.

Used by local ships
Used by local ships

The fact is that in the last decades of the 20th century, river transport began to gain more and more popularity in Great Britain. The ships were used mainly for industrial transportation. A huge number of channels began to be built especially for them. Today, many of them are also used for tourism purposes. The Falkirk ship lift was no exception.

Great invention
Great invention

It is curious that from the very beginning the project was conceived as futuristic. Is it any wonder that the "wheel" very quickly became a local attraction and an object of pilgrimage for tourists. At the same time, the principle of operation of the Falkirk wheel is very simple and has remained unchanged over all these years - two caissons, with a carrying capacity of 300 tons each, which balance each other. The structure stands between the Fort Clyde and Union canals. The difference in height between them is 24 meters.

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