6 mistakes in crop storage, due to which stocks deteriorate even before the onset of cold weather

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6 mistakes in crop storage, due to which stocks deteriorate even before the onset of cold weather
6 mistakes in crop storage, due to which stocks deteriorate even before the onset of cold weather
Anonim
From mid-August we start harvesting crops for autumn and winter
From mid-August we start harvesting crops for autumn and winter

From mid-August, we start harvesting crops for autumn and winter. We carefully put vegetables and fruits in the basement, but bad luck - the food is spoiling, and the cold has not even come yet. It is not for nothing that they say that you need to take into account the level of humidity, follow the recommendations for the commodity neighborhood and monitor the temperature. Then the fruits will retain their freshness for much longer. Novate.ru will tell you about common mistakes in crop storage and how to avoid them.

1. Keep all foods under the same conditions

Some foods prefer zero temperature, while others require warmer conditions
Some foods prefer zero temperature, while others require warmer conditions

Different temperatures are suitable for storing each variety of vegetables and fruits. Some foods prefer zero temperature, while others require warmer conditions. For example, carrots, cabbage, beets should be stored at 0 … + 5 degrees. But pumpkin, zucchini, beans like it when it is warmer - about +10 degrees. Ideally, you should check the temperature in every corner of the basement and find the optimal conditions for all the products that you intend to harvest.

2. Use a refrigerator

In the refrigerator, onions, garlic and potatoes rot or begin to sprout
In the refrigerator, onions, garlic and potatoes rot or begin to sprout

Although we are accustomed to keeping everything in the refrigerator, this is far from being the right environment for some fruits and vegetables. For example, onions, garlic and potatoes are definitely not worth leaving there. They rot or start to sprout. Cucumbers, beets, squash, pumpkin, and zucchini are best kept in a closet, separate drawer, or other dark and dry place. In the refrigerator, they freeze and lose their useful properties.

3. Ignore varieties

Put non-perishable varieties deep, and those that need to be eaten quickly, closer
Put non-perishable varieties deep, and those that need to be eaten quickly, closer

When distributing the crop, consider the shelf life of a particular product. For example, do not store all the apples in bulk. One variety may not last even a month, but the other will last until spring. Only in a common box will they all rot together. A similar situation occurs with other products. Remember this factor both when growing crops and when forming blanks. Put non-perishable varieties deep, and those that need to be eaten faster, closer. Otherwise, you run the risk of being left without a crop.

4. Do not go over the crop

It may seem that all foods are safe and sound
It may seem that all foods are safe and sound

Another common mistake is not to sort out the fruit before sending it to the basement. It may seem that all foods are safe and sound. But a single fruit with rot or insects can destroy the entire crop. Throw away diseased vegetables and damaged fruits if you want to keep them longer than a couple of weeks.

5. Create a dry "climate" in the cellar

It is necessary to get rid of excess moisture, but at the same time do not dry out the air
It is necessary to get rid of excess moisture, but at the same time do not dry out the air

Due to the high humidity in the basement, vegetables and fruits become covered with fungus and gradually rot. It is necessary to get rid of excess moisture, but at the same time do not dry out the air. There is even a life hack that some owners use - they put bags of salt in the cellar so that they absorb excess moisture. But this should not be done in any case! Salt dries up the air excessively. Because of this, fruits and vegetables lose their juiciness, become lethargic and shriveled. It is important to consider the preferred moisture content for each product. For example, potatoes are good at 90%, but onions begin to rot when the amount of moisture exceeds 70%.

6. Neglect the commodity neighborhood

It is worth allocating a separate box or shelf for each culture
It is worth allocating a separate box or shelf for each culture

Commodity neighborhood is the rules for the joint storage of different types of products, which ensure the safety and quality of food products. This also applies to vegetables and fruits in the basement. Ideally, you should set aside a separate drawer or shelf for each crop. If space is limited or lacking in containers, keep at least tomatoes, bell peppers, onions and garlic away from other crops.

We also recommend reading about 8 nuances you need to know when arranging a basement in a house.

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